In 2014 Cam(bio)2 began working together with Central de Cooperativas Cafetaleras del Norte (CECOCAFEN), to develop a climate adaptation strategy in coffee partner organizations. For this work “reference farms” (FRs) were established, where are implemented alternative practices that improve the resilience of farms to climate change, with the objective to promote this FRs among other coffee producers, so they can see the good results.
Four FRs were chosen with different management: Organic and diversified, conventional and diversified, conventional and non-diversified, and a farm with very little management, to be able to determine differences between these systems and also in adaptation practices that producers use, rescuing local knowledge. The main cropping produced with coffee in the farms are citrus, banana and plantain, avocado and cocoa.
Some of the results obtain at the moment are: improvements in environmental and economic indicators in the diversified farms; the carbon store in tree biomass varied significantly between diverse systems, which reached values of 10.86 and 15.77 ton CO2e/ha/year for organic and conventional systems, respectively, and the system undiversified had a projection of 5.05 t CO2e/ha/year.
We also found that 34.5% of the incomes of families whose farms are diversified come from other crops beside coffee. In absolute terms, net farm income (IAN) could reach $ 2 237,17 per hectare per year in a conventional system with diversified crops and good management.
Because of these findings, there were established new practices on climate adaptation, like increasing diversification of crops with fruit trees and timber, producing foliar biofertilizers to reduce dependence on external inputs, and establishing home orchards, thereby promoting food security for the families involved.
For next year 2016, it is expected to expand this project to a total of 18 FRs, and thus promote communication with most producers belonging to CECOCAFEN associated cooperatives.