Centro Humboldt helps protect Bosawás Natural Reserve in Nicaragua
In 2011, implementation of Cam(bio)2 methodology was undertaken in Bosawás Natural Reserve in Nicaragua.
Centro Alexander Humboldt has worked in Bosawás Reserve, the largest natural reserve in Central America, since 2000. Centro Humboldt is a Non-Governmental Organisation working to promote territorial development and one of the most recognised environmental organisations in Nicaragua and Central America.
Centro Humboldt promoted the establishment of cacao agro-forestry systems in the buffer zones of the reserve, as a way to reduce the advance of the agricultural frontier.
This project with Cam(bio)2 began with 40 organic cocoa agroforestry plots located in this region, and it´s expect to expand it to more areas. Currently, the project is certified under Cam(bio)2 standard, through BCS ÖkoGarantie.
The direct beneficiaries of this project are indigenous families from the Miskito and Mayangna peoples. During 2015, Centro Humboldt is implementing a new strategy for climate change adaptation in the same plots originally evaluated with Cam(bio)2. The objective is to use the information collected previously to develop actions for adaptation and food security.
CECOCAFEN Evaluates New Practices for Adaptation to Climate Change.
In a diagnostic study from 2014 at the Central de Cooperativas de Café del Norte (CECOCAFEN, Northern Coffee Cooperative Central) in Matagalpa, Nicaragua, with Cam(bio)2 methodology, it was possible to establish guidelines for climate change adaptation and food security. This was based on coffee farms data baseline, on both organic and conventional farms.
Four reference farms were evaluated, to report to the other growers on the use of bioferments and the importance of crop diversification in the coffee plots.
Among the benefits obtained from this work, it stands out how diversification in these systems improves their equilibrium and increases the energy use efficiency, increases the CO2 sequestration rate in arboreal biomass, family incomes are improved and foodstuffs are generated for family consumption.
On the basis of this case, the programme looks forward to multiplying the lessons gained by implementing the same modality in the other nine co-operatives associated to CECOCAFEN, in order to motivate and exchange knowledge gained with other growers.
PRODECOOP: Improving Instruments for Sustainable Agriculture
Cam(bio)2 methodology has been interesting for important organisations such as Gold Standard, a Swiss certifying entity with big experience in validating carbon credits in forests and clean energy projects, Gold Standard has begun to evaluate different instruments and methodologies to validate agriculture projects for voluntary carbon market.
Since 2012, Cam(bio)2 has been part of a pilot project for the Swiss certifier in order to improve instruments for sustainable agriculture developed by organisations linked with fair and organic trade.
This project is carried out in two Nicaraguan cooperatives affiliated to Promotora de Desarrollo Cooperativo de las Segovias (PRODECOOP, Segovias Cooperative Development Promoter). This organization groups together 38 grassroots cooperatives, made up of 2,300 male and female small farmers.
Cam(bio)2 methodology was developed in an organic cooperative, José Alfredo Zeledón (JAZ) in San Juan de Río Coco, and a conventional cooperative, Lozahoren in Dipilto, Madriz Department. Both have primordially coffee producers, but have other products on a small scale.
- Cam(bio)2/Gold Standard
The Cam(bio)2 standard methodology validates environmental services from agro-ecological farms, taking into account the carbon accumulated by these practices and strengthening the ability to generate greater carbon capture.
Due to Cam(bio)2’s working trajectory, which has been developed on farms with an organic and fair trade focus, where CEDECO has an influence, the methodology has interested Gold Standard.
With Gold Standard, Cam(bio)2 participates in this pilot project in Nicaragua to achieve its mission of validating environmental services from agriculture as an important component in climate change mitigation.
Due to this pilot project, Cam(bio)2 implemented some improvements in its methodology. The variables developed were:
- Determination of carbon stored in soils and future projection of the carbon that will be accumulated in coming years if the agro-ecological practices continue.
- Baseline emissions rate for nitrogenous fertilisation and future projection.
- Baseline CO2 stored in biomass and future projection of the sequestration rate.
- Socio-economic aspects of the farm families.